GZIP(1)                      General Commands Manual                     GZIP(1)

     gzip – compression/decompression tool using Lempel-Ziv coding (LZ77)

     gzip [-cdfhkLlNnqrtVv] [-S suffix] file [file [...]]
     gunzip [-cfhkLNqrtVv] [-S suffix] file [file [...]]
     zcat [-fhV] file [file [...]]

     The gzip program compresses and decompresses files using Lempel-Ziv coding
     (LZ77).  If no files are specified, gzip will compress from standard input,
     or decompress to standard output.  When in compression mode, each file will
     be replaced with another file with the suffix, set by the -S suffix option,
     added, if possible.

     In decompression mode, each file will be checked for existence, as will the
     file with the suffix added.  Each file argument must contain a separate
     complete archive; when multiple files are indicated, each is decompressed
     in turn.

     In the case of gzcat the resulting data is then concatenated in the manner
     of cat(1).

     If invoked as gunzip then the -d option is enabled.  If invoked as zcat or
     gzcat then both the -c and -d options are enabled.

     This version of gzip is also capable of decompressing files compressed
     using compress(1), bzip2(1), or xz(1).

     The following options are available:

     -1, --fast

     -2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8

     -9, --best        These options change the compression level used, with the
                       -1 option being the fastest, with less compression, and
                       the -9 option being the slowest, with optimal
                       compression.  The default compression level is 6.

     -c, --stdout, --to-stdout
                       This option specifies that output will go to the standard
                       output stream, leaving files intact.

     -d, --decompress, --uncompress
                       This option selects decompression rather than

     -f, --force       This option turns on force mode.  This allows files with
                       multiple links, symbolic links to regular files,
                       overwriting of pre-existing files, reading from or
                       writing to a terminal, and when combined with the -c
                       option, allowing non-compressed data to pass through

     -h, --help        This option prints a usage summary and exits.

     -k, --keep        Keep (do not delete) input files during compression or

     -L, --license     This option prints gzip license.

     -l, --list        This option displays information about the file's
                       compressed and uncompressed size, ratio, uncompressed
                       name.  With the -v option, it also displays the
                       compression method, CRC, date and time embedded in the

     -N, --name        This option causes the stored filename in the input file
                       to be used as the output file.

     -n, --no-name     This option stops the filename and timestamp from being
                       stored in the output file.

     -q, --quiet       With this option, no warnings or errors are printed.

     -r, --recursive   This option is used to gzip the files in a directory tree
                       individually, using the fts(3) library.

     -S suffix, --suffix suffix
                       This option changes the default suffix from .gz to

     -t, --test        This option will test compressed files for integrity.

     -V, --version     This option prints the version of the gzip program.

     -v, --verbose     This option turns on verbose mode, which prints the
                       compression ratio for each file compressed.

     If the environment variable GZIP is set, it is parsed as a white-space
     separated list of options handled before any options on the command line.
     Options on the command line will override anything in GZIP.

     The gzip utility exits 0 on success, 1 on errors, and 2 if a warning

     bzip2(1), compress(1), xz(1), fts(3), zlib(3)

     The gzip program was originally written by Jean-loup Gailly, licensed under
     the GNU Public Licence.  Matthew R. Green wrote a simple front end for
     NetBSD 1.3 distribution media, based on the freely re-distributable zlib
     library.  It was enhanced to be mostly feature-compatible with the original
     GNU gzip program for NetBSD 2.0.

     This implementation of gzip was ported based on the NetBSD gzip, and first
     appeared in FreeBSD 7.0.

     This implementation of gzip was written by Matthew R. Green
     <mrg@eterna.com.au> with unpack support written by Xin LI

     According to RFC 1952, the recorded file size is stored in a 32-bit
     integer, therefore, it cannot represent files larger than 4GB.  This
     limitation also applies to -l option of gzip utility.

macOS 12.1                      October 26, 2015                      macOS 12.1