ippeveprinter(1) Apple Inc. ippeveprinter(1)
ippeveprinter - an ipp everywhere printer application for cups
ippeveprinter [ --help ] [ --no-web-forms ] [ --pam-service service ] [
--version ] [ -2 ] [ -A ] [ -D device-uri ] [ -F output-type/subtype ] [
-K keypath ] [ -M manufacturer ] [ -P filename.ppd ] [ -V ipp-version ] [
-a filename.conf ] [ -c command ] [ -d spool-directory ] [ -f
type/subtype[,...] ] [ -i iconfile.png ] [ -k ] [ -l location ] [ -m
model ] [ -n hostname ] [ -p port ] [ -r subtype[,subtype] ] [ -s
speed[,color-speed] ] [ -v[vvv] ] service-name
ippeveprinter is a simple Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) server
conforming to the IPP Everywhere (PWG 5100.14) specification. It can be
used to test client software or act as a very basic print server that
runs a command for every job that is printed.
The following options are recognized by ippeveprinter:
Show program usage.
Disable the web interface forms used to update the media and supply
Set the PAM service name. The default service is "cups".
Show the CUPS version.
-2 Report support for two-sided (duplex) printing.
-A Enable authentication for the created printer. ippeveprinter uses
PAM to authenticate HTTP Basic credentials.
Set the device URI for print output. The URI can be a filename,
directory, or a network socket URI of the form
"socket://ADDRESS[:PORT]" (where the default port number is 9100).
When specifying a directory, ippeveprinter will create an output
file using the job ID and name.
Specifies the output MIME media type. The default is
"application/postscript" when the -P option is specified.
Set the manufacturer of the printer. The default is "Example".
Load printer attributes from the specified PPD file. This option is
typically used in conjunction with the ippeveps(7) printer command
Specifies the maximum IPP version to report. 2.0 is the default.
Run the specified command for each document that is printed. If
"command" is not an absolute path ("/path/to/command"),
ippeveprinter looks for the command in the "command" subdirectory of
the CUPS binary directory, typically /usr/lib/cups/command or
/usr/libexec/cups/command. The cups-config(1) command can be used
to discover the correct binary directory ("cups-config
--serverbin"). In addition, the CUPS_SERVERBIN environment variable
can be used to override the default location of this directory - see
the cups(1) man page for more details.
Specifies the directory that will hold the print files. The default
is a directory under the user's current temporary directory.
Specifies a list of MIME media types that the server will accept.
The default depends on the type of printer created.
Specifies the printer icon file for the server. The file must be a
PNG format image. The default is an internally-provided PNG image.
-k Keeps the print documents in the spool directory rather than
Specifies the human-readable location string that is reported by the
server. The default is the empty string.
Specifies the model name of the printer. The default is "Printer".
Specifies the hostname that is reported by the server. The default
is the name returned by the hostname(1) command.
Specifies the port number to listen on. The default is a user-
specific number from 8000 to 8999.
Turns off DNS-SD service advertisements entirely.
Specifies the DNS-SD subtype(s) to advertise. Separate multiple
subtypes with a comma. The default is "_print".
Specifies the printer speed in pages per minute. If two numbers are
specified and the second number is greater than zero, the server
will report support for color printing. The default is "10,0".
Be (very) verbose when logging activity to standard error.
The ippeveprinter program returns 1 if it is unable to process the
command-line arguments or register the IPP service. Otherwise
ippeveprinter will run continuously until terminated.
The ippeveprinter program is unique to CUPS and conforms to the IPP
Everywhere (PWG 5100.14) specification.
ippeveprinter adds environment variables starting with "IPP_" for all IPP
Job attributes in the print request. For example, when executing a
command for an IPP Job containing the "media" Job Template attribute, the
"IPP_MEDIA" environment variable will be set to the value of that
In addition, all IPP "xxx-default" and "pwg-xxx" Printer Description
attributes are added to the environment. For example, the
"IPP_MEDIA_DEFAULT" environment variable will be set to the default value
for the "media" Job Template attribute.
Enumerated values are converted to their keyword equivalents. For
example, a "print-quality" Job Template attribute with a enum value of 3
will become the "IPP_PRINT_QUALITY" environment variable with a value of
"draft". This string conversion only happens for standard Job Template
attributes, currently "finishings", "orientation-requested", and "print-
Finally, the "CONTENT_TYPE" environment variable contains the MIME media
type of the document being printed, the "DEVICE_URI" environment variable
contains the device URI as specified with the "-D" option, the
"OUTPUT_FORMAT" environment variable contains the output MIME media type,
and the "PPD" environment variable contains the PPD filename as specified
with the "-P" option.
Unless they communicate directly with a printer, print commands send
printer-ready data to the standard output.
Print commands can send messages back to ippeveprinter on the standard
error with one of the following prefixes:
ATTR: attribute=value[ attribute=value]
Sets the named attribute(s) to the given values. Currently only the
"job-impressions" and "job-impressions-completed" Job Status
attributes and the "marker-xxx", "printer-alert", "printer-alert-
description", "printer-supply", and "printer-supply-description"
Printer Status attributes can be set.
DEBUG: Debugging message
Logs a debugging message if at least two -v's have been specified.
ERROR: Error message
Logs an error message and copies the message to the "job-state-
INFO: Informational message
Logs an informational/progress message if -v has been specified and
copies the message to the "job-state-message" attribute unless an
error has been reported.
Sets the printer's "printer-state-reasons" attribute to the listed
Removes the listed keywords from the printer's "printer-state-
Adds the listed keywords to the printer's "printer-state-reasons"
Run ippeveprinter with a service name of My Cool Printer:
ippeveprinter "My Cool Printer"
Run the file(1) command whenever a job is sent to the server:
ippeveprinter -c /usr/bin/file "My Cool Printer"
ippevepcl(7), ippeveps(7), PWG Internet Printing Protocol Workgroup
Copyright © 2007-2019 by Apple Inc.
2 December 2019 CUPS ippeveprinter(1)