OSASCRIPT(1)                 General Commands Manual                OSASCRIPT(1)

     osascript – execute OSA scripts (AppleScript, JavaScript, etc.)

     osascript [-l language] [-i] [-s flags] [-e statement | programfile]
               [argument ...]

     osascript executes the given OSA script, which may be plain text or a
     compiled script (.scpt) created by Script Editor or osacompile(1).  By
     default, osascript treats plain text as AppleScript, but you can change
     this using the -l option.  To get a list of the OSA languages installed on
     your system, use osalang(1).

     osascript will look for the script in one of the following three places:

     1.   Specified line by line using -e switches on the command line.

     2.   Contained in the file specified by the first filename on the command
          line.  This file may be plain text or a compiled script.

     3.   Passed in using standard input.  This works only if there are no
          filename arguments; to pass arguments to a STDIN-read script, you must
          explicitly specify “-” for the script name.

     Any arguments following the script will be passed as a list of strings to
     the direct parameter of the “run” handler.  For example, in AppleScript:

           on run argv
               return "hello, " & item 1 of argv & "."
           end run

           % osascript a.scpt world
           hello, world.

     The options are as follows:

     -e statement
           Enter one line of a script.  If -e is given, osascript will not look
           for a filename in the argument list.  Multiple -e options may be
           given to build up a multi-line script.  Because most scripts use
           characters that are special to many shell programs (for example,
           AppleScript uses single and double quote marks, “(”, “)”, and “*”),
           the statement will have to be correctly quoted and escaped to get it
           past the shell intact.

     -i    Interactive mode: osascript will prompt for one line at a time, and
           print the result, if applicable, after each line.  Any script
           supplied as a command argument using -e or programfile will be
           loaded, but not executed, before starting the interactive prompt.

     -l language
           Override the language for any plain text files.  Normally, plain text
           files are compiled as AppleScript.

     -s flags
           Modify the output style.  The flags argument is a string consisting
           of any of the modifier characters e, h, o, and s.  Multiple modifiers
           can be concatenated in the same string, and multiple -s options can
           be specified.  The modifiers come in exclusive pairs; if conflicting
           modifiers are specified, the last one takes precedence.  The meanings
           of the modifier characters are as follows:

           h  Print values in human-readable form (default).
           s  Print values in recompilable source form.

              osascript normally prints its results in human-readable form:
              strings do not have quotes around them, characters are not
              escaped, braces for lists and records are omitted, etc.  This is
              generally more useful, but can introduce ambiguities.  For
              example, the lists ‘{"foo", "bar"}’ and ‘{{"foo", {"bar"}}}’ would
              both be displayed as ‘foo, bar’.  To see the results in an
              unambiguous form that could be recompiled into the same value, use
              the s modifier.

           e  Print script errors to stderr (default).
           o  Print script errors to stdout.

              osascript normally prints script errors to stderr, so downstream
              clients only see valid results.  When running automated tests,
              however, using the o modifier lets you distinguish script errors,
              which you care about matching, from other diagnostic output, which
              you don't.

     osacompile(1), osalang(1), AppleScript Language Guide

     osascript in Mac OS X 10.0 would translate ‘\r’ characters in the output to
     ‘\n’ and provided c and r modifiers for the -s option to change this.
     osascript now always leaves the output alone; pipe through tr(1) if

     Prior to Mac OS X 10.4, osascript did not allow passing arguments to the

Mac OS X                         April 24, 2014                         Mac OS X