REZ(1) General Commands Manual REZ(1)
Rez - compiles resources (DEPRECATED)
Rez [ rezFile1 ] [ rezFile2 ] ...
[ -align word | longword ] [ -a[ppend] ]
[ -arch architecture ] [ -c[reator] creatorExpr ] [ -d[efine] macro [ =
data ] ]
[ -i directoryPath ] [ -F frameworkDirectoryPath ] [ -is[ysroot] sdkPath
] [ [ -m[odification] ]
[ -noResolve [ output | include ] ] [ -o outputFile ]
[ -ov ] [ -p[rogress] ] [ -rd ] [ -ro ]
[ -s directoryPath ]
[ -script Roman | Japanese | Korean |
SimpChinese | TradChinese ]
[ -t[ype] typeExpr ] [ -u[ndef] macro ]
[ -useDF ]
Tools supporting Carbon development, including Rez, were deprecated with
The Rez tool compiles the resource fork of a file according to the
textual description contained in the resource description files. These
resource description files must contain both the type declarations and
the resource definitions needed to compile the resources. This data can
come directly from the resource description files, as in this example:
Rez -F Carbon Carbon.r myResource.r
The data can also come from other text files that are included in
resource description files using #include and read directives. For
example, myResource.r could use #include to include the Carbon.r file.
Standard input, unless you specify one or more resource description
Normally Rez writes the resource fork to the file Rez.out. You can
specify a different output file by using the -o option. Errors and
warnings are written to diagnostic output. The Rez tool does not write to
This command resolves Finder aliases in all input and output file
specifications. This includes input source files, listing files, output
object files, paths specified with the -i and -s options, and paths
specified within source code using INCLUDE or #include statements. This
behavior may be changed for resource files by using the -noResolve
Rez can return the following status codes:
0 no errors
1 error in parameters
2 syntax error in resource description file
3 I/O or program error
If any errors are detected, Rez sets the output file's modification date
to 0, which is January 1, 1904, 12:00 A.M.
rezFile1 [ rezFile2 ] ...
Specifies one or more resource description files that contain type
declarations and resource definitions. Typically this pairs a file
containing only resource definitions with another containing only
type declarations. The type declarations for the standard
Macintosh resources are contained in the MacTypes.r file in the
You can also specify resource description files by using #include.
For example, a file containing only resource definitions could
include those containing the appropriate type declarations (for
example, myResource.r could include <Carbon/MacTypes.r>). In
addition, you can also include resource files that have already
been compiled by Rez include directive.
The -script option enables Rez to correctly process the 2- byte
character sets for foreign-language script systems.
-align word | longword
Aligns resources along word or longword boundaries. This allows
the Resource Manager to load these resources faster. The Rez tool
ignores this option if you use -a[ppend].
Appends new resources to the output file rather than replacing the
The Rez tool cannot append resources to a resource file that has
its read-only bit set. It also cannot replace a resource that has
its protected bit set unless you specify -ov.
The Rez tool overwrites any existing resource of the same type and
ID without any warning message.
A synonym for
If no -arch arguments are provided, Rez automatically adds one for
the current system's architecture.
Sets the output file creator. (The default value is '????'.) Note
that creatorExpr is a Rez expression such as
If the creator begins with a letter and does not contain any
spaces or special characters, you can simply type it in, as in
Otherwise, you must format the creator as a numeric expression or
as a literal expression such as
-c " '@@@@' "
-d[efine] macro [= data ]
Defines the macro variable macro as having the value data. You
can use this option more than once on a command line.
macro Specifies the macro variable to be defined.
data Specifies the value of macro. This is the same as writing
#define macro [data]
at the beginning of the input.
If you do not specify data, Rez sets the value of data to
the null string. Note that this still defines the macro.
Directs Rez to search this directory for #include files. You can
specify this option more than once. The Rez tool searches
directories in the order in which they appear on the command line.
Directs Rez to search this directory for frameworks referred to by
framework-style #include references (e.g. <Carbon/Carbon.r>.) By
default, Rez only searches the /System/Library/Frameworks
directory; using this option you can specify other directories to
be searched. You can specify this option more than once. The Rez
tool searches directories in the order in which they appear on the
Directs Rez to search for included files and frameworks in the
designated SDK. If omitted, the system root ("/") is assumed.
Does not change the output file's modification date. If an error
occurs, the output file's modification date is set to zero, even
if you use this option. A date of 0 means January 1, 1904, 12:00
Overrides the default alias resolution behavior by not resolving
leaf aliases in the output resource file specification or in any
included resource input files.
output If output is specified, Rez overrides the default Finder
alias resolution behavior by not resolving leaf aliases in
the output resource file specification. This allows you to
modify a Finder alias file directly.
If include is specified with -noResolve then Rez overrides
the default Finder alias resolution behavior by not
resolving leaf aliases in any included resource input
files. This allows you to include resources directly from
Finder alias files.
Places output in the specified output file. The default output
file is Rez.out.
-ov Overrides the protected bit when replacing resources with
Writes version and progress information to diagnostic output.
-rd Suppresses warning messages for redeclared resource types.
-ro Sets the mapReadOnly flag in the resource map.
Directs Rez to search this directory for resource include files.
You can specify this option more than once. The Rez tool searches
directories in the order in which they appear on the command line.
-script Roman | Japanese | Korean | SimpChinese | TradChinese
Enables the recognition of any of several 2-byte character script
systems to use when compiling and decompiling files. This option
insures that 2-byte characters in strings are handled as
indivisible entities. The default language is Roman and specifies
1-byte character sets.
Sets the type of the output file (the default is 'APPL'). Note
that typeExpr is a Rez expression, such as
If the type begins with a letter and does not contain any spaces
or special characters, you can simply type it in, as in this
Otherwise, you must format it as a numeric expression or literal
expression, such as
-t " '@@@@' "
Undefines the preset macro variable This is the same as writing
at the beginning of the input. This option can be repeated more
than once on a command line.
-useDF Reads and writes resource information from the files' data forks,
instead of their resource forks.
The following command line generates a resource fork for the file Sample,
based on the type declarations and resource definitions in Types.r and
Rez Types.r Sample.r -o Sample
Mac OS X July 25, 2000 REZ(1)