CHFLAGS(1)                   General Commands Manual                  CHFLAGS(1)

     chflags – change file flags

     chflags [-fhv] [-R [-H | -L | -P]] flags file ...

     The chflags utility modifies the file flags of the listed files as
     specified by the flags operand.

     The options are as follows:

     -f      Do not display a diagnostic message if chflags could not modify the
             flags for file, nor modify the exit status to reflect such

     -H      If the -R option is specified, symbolic links on the command line
             are followed.  (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal
             are not followed.)

     -h      If the file is a symbolic link, change the file flags of the link
             itself rather than the file to which it points.

     -L      If the -R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed.

     -P      If the -R option is specified, no symbolic links are followed.
             This is the default.

     -R      Change the file flags for the file hierarchies rooted in the files
             instead of just the files themselves.

     -v      Cause chflags to be verbose, showing filenames as the flags are
             modified.  If the -v option is specified more than once, the old
             and new flags of the file will also be printed, in octal notation.

     The flags are specified as an octal number or a comma separated list of
     keywords.  The following keywords are currently defined:

           arch, archived
                       set the archived flag (super-user only)

           opaque      set the opaque flag (owner or super-user only).
                       [Directory is opaque when viewed through a union mount]

           nodump      set the nodump flag (owner or super-user only)

           sappnd, sappend
                       set the system append-only flag (super-user only)

           schg, schange, simmutable
                       set the system immutable flag (super-user only)

           uappnd, uappend
                       set the user append-only flag (owner or super-user only)

           uchg, uchange, uimmutable
                       set the user immutable flag (owner or super-user only)

           hidden      set the hidden flag [Hide item from GUI]

     Putting the letters “no” before or removing the letters “no” from a keyword
     causes the flag to be cleared.  For example:

           nouchg  clear the user immutable flag (owner or super-user only)
           dump    clear the nodump flag (owner or super-user only)

     Unless the -H or -L options are given, chflags on a symbolic link always
     succeeds and has no effect.  The -H, -L and -P options are ignored unless
     the -R option is specified.  In addition, these options override each other
     and the command's actions are determined by the last one specified.

     You can use "ls -lO" to see the flags of existing files.

     The chflags utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

     ls(1), chflags(2), stat(2), fts(3), symlink(7)

     The chflags command first appeared in 4.4BSD.

     Only a limited number of utilities are chflags aware.  Some of these tools
     include ls(1), cp(1), find(1), install(1), dump(8), and restore(8).  In
     particular a tool which is not currently chflags aware is the pax(1)

macOS 12.1                        March 3, 2006                       macOS 12.1